Voprosy meditsinskoi khimii (ISSN 0042-8809)

Comparative evaluation of 2 methods for the determination of pyruvate dehydrogenase activity in tissues in avitaminosis B 1 induced by various methods

   
Gorenstein B.I., Puzatch S.S., Ostrovsky Y.M.
PubMed Id: 1210111
Year: 1975 vol: 21  issue:3  pages: 328-331
Abstract: A method for determination of pyruvate dehydrogenase activity in mitochondria and tissue homogenates was developed. The method was based on a spectrophotometric monitoring of p-nitroaniline acetylation under conditions required to ensure correct stoichiometric course of the reaction. In rat tissues absolute amounts of the enzyme activity, determined by the method, were found to be several-fold lower as compared with the values determined by the conventional ferricyanide method. Within 24 hrs after a single administration of hydroxythiamin into rats (400 mg per 1 kg of body weight) the pyruvate dehydrogenase activity was decreased 1.5-fold in heart (as estimated by the reaction of p-nitroaniline acetylation) and did not alter in liver tissue. While if the determinations were carried out by the method of terricyanide reduction the enzyme activity was decreas 7- and 2-fold, respectively, in heart and liver tissue. The data obtained suggest that hydroxythiamin impaired reactions of electron transport in tissues; on the other hand, the data obtained showed that the method for determination of the pyruvate dehydrogenase activity, based on the acetylation reaction, was more specific than the conventional method which involved measuring of ferricyanide reduction.
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Reference: Gorenstein B.I., Puzatch S.S., Ostrovsky Y.M., Comparative evaluation of 2 methods for the determination of pyruvate dehydrogenase activity in tissues in avitaminosis B 1 induced by various methods, Voprosy meditsinskoi khimii, 1975, vol: 21(3), 328-331.
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