Voprosy meditsinskoi khimii (ISSN 0042-8809)

The role of monoamine oxidase in the regulation of mitochondrial energy functions

Medvedev A.E., Gorkin V.Z.
PubMed Id: 1759390
Year: 1991 vol: 37  issue:5  pages: 2-6
Abstract: Incubation of aldehyde dehydrogenase-free mitochondrial preparations with biogenic amines serotonin, tyramine, 2-phenylethylamine and 5-methoxytryptamine resulted in inhibition of enzymes activity of both outer (rotenone-insensitive NADH-cytochrome c reductase) and inner (succinate dehydrogenase, succinate cytochrome c reductase) mitochondrial membranes. Solubilization of mitochondria after the incubation did not influence the amine-induced alteration of succinate dehydrogenase activity. Pretreatment of the organelles with a mixture containing chlorgyline and deprenyl completely inhibited monoamine oxidase (MAO) activity and prevented the effects of all the amines studied on mitochondrial enzymes. MAO-dependent effects of 5-methoxytryptamine were fully reproduced by 5-methoxyindolyl-3-acetaldehyde (one of probable products of 5-methoxytryptamine deamination). The effect of the aldehyde was not prevented by chlorgyline and deprenyl. After selective inhibition of MAO-A by chlorgyline the order of MAO-B-dependent effects of biogenic amines on mitochondrial enzymes studied was as follows: tyramine greater than or equal to 2-phenylethylamine much greater than serotonin. In deprenyl pretreated mitochondria the potency of MAO-A-dependent effects of these amines was: serotonin greater than tyramine much greater than much greater than 2-phenylethylamine. The data obtained suggest that the product(s) of oxidative deamination of biogenic amines (probably the aldehydes) catalyzed by both types of MAO (MAO-A and MAO-B) are able to regulate the energy functions of mitochondria.
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Reference: Medvedev A.E., Gorkin V.Z., The role of monoamine oxidase in the regulation of mitochondrial energy functions, Voprosy meditsinskoi khimii, 1991, vol: 37(5), 2-6.