Abstract: The comparative study of effects of 5α-cholest-8(14)-en-15-on-3β-ol (I), (22E)-5α-ergosta-8(14),22-dien-15-on-3β-ol (II), (22S,23S)-22,23-oxido-5α-ergost-8(14)-en-15-on-3β-ol (III) and (22R,23R)-22,23-oxido-5α-ergost-8(14)-en-15-on-3β-ol (IV) on HMG-CoA reductase, CYP27A1 and CYP3A4 genes expression in Hep G2 cells was performed. In the contrast to 15-ketocholestane derivative (I), 15-ketoergostane derivatives (II - IV) decreased the HMG- CoA reductase mRNA level; (22R,23R)-22,23-oxido-5α-ergost-8(14)-en-15-on-3β-ol (IV) significantly increased CYP3A4 mRNA level (320% from control). Ketosterol (II) was found to be a more potent inhibitor of cholesterol biosynthesis in Hep G2 cells at a prolong incubation, compared with ketosterol (I). The side chain conformation of compounds (I) - (IV) was evaluated by computational modeling; the correlation between biological activity of these compounds and conformational flexibility of their side chains was found. The results obtained indicated that Δ8(14)-15-ketoergostane derivatives may be used as a sterol biosynthesis and metabolism regulators in liver cells.
Reference: Mehtiev А.R., Fedchenko V.I., Tkachev Ya.V., Timofeev V.Р., Misharin А.Yu., Regulation of cholesterol biosynthesis and metabolismin Hep G2 cells by δ8(14)-15-ketoergostane derivatives, Biomeditsinskaya khimiya, 2010, vol: