Abstract: In this study we have investigated properties of blood serum extracellular DNA (cell-free DNA) from patients with essential arterial hypertension (AH). Cell-free DNA concentration was not changed in the control AH group compared to norma (healthy donors) but fragments of CpG-rich cell-free DNA marker content were increased at transcribed area of ribosomal repeat (TArDNA, CpG-DNA). To evaluate effect of CpG-DNA on AH development in 2-day SHR line and in control normotensive line (WKY), 700 ng of human TArDNA single subcutaneous injection were inoculated to obtain anti-CpG-DNA polyclonal antibodies. These antibodies could change CpG-DNA contents in total cell-free DNA. Blood pressure (BP) in 9-week SHR line rats immunized with CpG-DNA was equal to BP of WKY rats. Then BP of immunized SHR steadily increased with age and reached high value 8 weeks later compared to control SHR rats. Cell-free DNA analysis in 17-week SHR line rats showed significantly reduced concentrations of cell-free DNA and also showed decrease in small DNA fragments content, but increased content of CpG-DNA (rat TArDNA). These changes were accompanied with 3.5-fold blood endonuclease activity increase and decrease of free (unbound to cell-free DNA) anti-CpG-DNA antibodies quantity. Total anti-CpG-DNA antibodies quantity in immunized rats wasn't changed compared to control animals. Thus, observed effect of increase in stable BP elevation age in immunized SHR line rats doesn't relate to increase of anti-CpG-DNA antibody production. Possible reason of this effect is further discussed.
Reference: Veiko N.N., Konorova I.L., Neverova M.E., Fidelina O.V., Mkrtumova N.A., Ershova E.S., Postnov A.Iu., Kon'kova M.S., Delayed appearance of hypertension in spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) injected with CpG-rich DNA early in ontogenesis, Biomeditsinskaya khimiya, 2010, vol:
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