Abstract: Isatin (indole-dione-2,3) is an endogenous indole that exhibits a wide spectrum of biological and pharmacological activities. Physiologically relevant concentrations of isatin (ranged from 1 nM to 10 M) did not influence basal activity of soluble human platelet guanylate cyclase (sGC), but caused a bell-shaped inhibition of the NO-activated enzyme. Inhibition of the NO-dependent activation by isatin did not depend on a chemical nature of the NO donors. The inhibitory effects of ODC (a heme-dependent inhibitor of sGC) and isatin were non-additive suggesting that the inhibitory effect of isatin may involve the heme binding domain (possibly heme iron) and experiments with hemin revealed some isatin-dependent changes in its spectrum. Isatin also inhibited sGC activation by the allosteric activator YC-1. It is suggested that the bell shaped inhibition of the NO-dependent activation of sGC by isatin may be attributed to complex interaction of isatin with the heme binding domain and the allosteric YC-1-binding site of sGC.
Reference: Severina I.S., Schegolev A.Yu., Ponomarev G.V., Medvedev A.E., Inhibition of NO-dependent soluble human platelet guanylate cyclase by isatin, Biomeditsinskaya khimiya, 2011, vol: