Abstract: We have investigated the effect of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) on estrogen- metabolizing genes CYP1A1, CYP1B1, CYP19 and ERα and cyclin D1 genes, which control of cell division in estrogen-depended tissues. Treatment of rats with benzo(a)pyren (BP) or 3-methylcholantrene (MC) significantly up-regulated CYP1A1, CYP1B1 gene expression in liver, uterus and ovary, whereas alfa-naphthoflavone (α-NF) did not have any effect. The high level of aromatase gene (CYP19) expression was detected in ovary only. Treatment of rats with BP or MC significantly down-regulated expression of this gene (15- and 5,5-fold, respectively), whereas α-NF did not have any effect. BP produced an increase in ERα and cyclin D1 gene expression in rat liver. This effect was not seen with MC and α-NF. ERα and cyclin D1 mRNA levels were unchanged in uterus of rats after PAHs treatment. On the other hand, BP treatment caused an increase of the ERα and cyclin D1 mRNA levels (3,5- and 2,5-fold, respectively) in ovary, whereas MC and α-NF did not have any effects. Thus, our results give evidence for tissue-specific effects of PAHs on expression of genes, which participate in hormonal carcinogenesis. Moreover, the fact that BP and MC treatment affects the expression of estrogen-metabolizing genes and genes, which control of cell division, supports the view that PAHs may be one of the causes of endocrine disorder and consequent hormonal carcinogenesis.
Reference: Chanyshev M.D., Pustylnyak V.O., Gulyaeva L.F., Tissue-specific expression of hormonal carcinogenesis target genes in rats treated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, Biomeditsinskaya khimiya, 2012, vol: