Abstract: We have studied dose- and time-dependent antitumor and cytotoxic effects of Erwinia carotovora L-asparaginase (ECAR LANS) and Escherichia coli L-asparaginase (MEDAC) on human leukemic cells and human and animal solid tumor cells. We determined the sensitivity of tumor cells to L-asparaginases, as well the effect L-asparaginases on cell growth rate, protein and DNA synthesis per se and with addition of different cytostatics. The data obtained demonstrated that ECAR LANS L-asparaginase suppressed growth of all tested solid tumor cells. Evaluation of leukemic cell number after treatment with L-asparaginases for 24, 48 and 72 h demonstrated that asparagine deficiency did not kill cells but stopped normal cell division and had no effect on protein and DNA synthesis. Cytofluorometric study of solid and leukemic cells demonstrated that the treatment with L-asparaginase for 72 h did not change cell cycle phase distribution and did not increase the number of apoptotic cells. The HL-60 cell line was only exemption. At the same time, cells treatment with L-asparaginase and doxorubicin combination leaded to increase of apoptotypical cell number to 60% for MCF7 cells, to 40% for Jurkat cells and to 99% for HL-60 cells. We have excluded apoptosis as main reason for tumor cell death after asparaginase treatment because multi resistant Jurkat/A4 cells have been asparaginase sensitive. We have not found ECAR LANS L-asparaginase effect on normal human fibroblasts growth ability and we had come to conclusion that enzyme cytotoxcisity related only with asparagine deficiency.
Reference: Abakumova O.Yu., Podobed O.V., Karalkin P.A., Kondakova L.I., Sokolov N.N., Antitumor activity of L-asparaginase from Erwinia Carotovora from against different leukemic and solid tumours cell lines, Biomeditsinskaya khimiya, 2013, vol: