Alteration of thyroid hormone secretion after long-term exposure to low doses of endocrine disruptor DDT

   


1. Scientific research Institute of Human Morphology
Type: Experimental study
DOI: 10.18097/PBMC20146006655      UDK: 612.4:632.95.02      PubMed Id: 25552505
Year: 2014 vol: 60  issue:6  pages: 655-660
Abstract: Endocrine disruptors are exogenous substances that exhibit hormone-like action and consequently disrupt homeostatic action of endogenous hormones. DDT is the most common disruptor. The objective was to evaluate changes in thyroid hormone secretion after long-term exposure to low doses of DDT. The experiment was performed on male Wistar rats. The rats were given DDT at doses of 1.89±0.86 мg/kg/day and 7.77±0.17 мg/kg/day for 6 and 10 weeks. Dose dependent increase of serum total thyroxine, total triiodthyronine, and thyroid peroxidase was revealed after 6 weeks exposure. After 10 weeks free thyroxine secretion was reduced. Such alterations of the thyroid status are typical for iodine deficient goiter. The data obtained indicate that the main mechanism of DDT action includes disruption of thyroxine secretion by thyrocytes, but not inhibition of deiodinase activity and decrease of blood thyroid binding proteins.
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Reference: Yaglova N.V., Yaglov V.V., Alteration of thyroid hormone secretion after long-term exposure to low doses of endocrine disruptor DDT, Biomeditsinskaya khimiya, 2014, vol: 60(6), 655-660.
This paper is also available as the English translation:10.1134/S1990750815040083
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