Effect of xenobiotics on microrna expression in rat liver

   


1. Institute of Molecular Biology and Biophysics, Novosibirsk, Russia; Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk, Russia
2. Institute of Molecular Biology and Biophysics, Novosibirsk, Russia
3. Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk, Russia
4. Institute of Molecular Biology and Biophysics, Novosibirsk, Russia; Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, Novosibirsk, Russia
Type: Experimental study
DOI: 10.18097/PBMC20166202154      UDK: 577.151      PubMed Id: 27143372
Year: 2016 vol: 62  issue:2  pages: 154-159
Abstract: Using bioinformatics analysis we selected microRNAs which could bind 3'-UTR-region of cytochrome P450 (CYP) genes. Three microRNA miR-21, -221, -222, their potential targets might be mRNA for CYP1A1, and two microRNA miR-143, miR-152 for CYP2B1 accordingly were selected for experimental verification. Expression level of these microRNAs in rat liver upon benzo(a)pyrene (BP), phenobarbital (PB), and DDT induction was determined using RT-qPCR method. In rats treated by both BP, and DDT the hepatic content of miR-21, -221, -222 significantly demonstrated a 2-3-fold decrease. The decrease in miR expression was accompanied by a considerable (5.5-8.7-fold) increase in the CYP1A1-mediated EROD activity. The expression of miR-143 remained unchanged after the PB treatment, while the expression of miR-152 increased by 2 times, however, the (10.5-fold) increase in PROD activity of CYP2B was much higher. In the DDT-treated liver PROD activity increased by 20 times, the expression of miR-152 didn't change, and the expression of miR-143 increased by 2 times. The bioinformatics analysis of interactions between microRNAs and targets showed that the studied miRs can potentially bind 3'-end of AhR, ESR1, GR, CCND1, PTEN mRNA. Thus, the expression profile of miR-21, -221, -222, -143, -152 might change under the xenobiotics exposure. In silico analysis confirmed, that microRNAs target not only cytochrome P450 mRNA but also other genes, including those involved in hormonal carcinogenesis, they also can be regulated with studied miRs
Download PDF:
Reference: Gulyaeva L.F., Chanyshev M.D., Kolmykov S.K., Ushakov D.S., Nechkin S.S., Effect of xenobiotics on microrna expression in rat liver, Biomeditsinskaya khimiya, 2016, vol: 62(2), 154-159.
This paper is also available as the English translation:10.1134/S1990750816030033
References
 2017(Vol:63)
 2016(Vol:62)
 2015(Vol:61)
 2014(Vol:60)
 2013(Vol:59)
 2012(Vol:58)
 2011(Vol:57)
 2010(Vol:56)
 2009(Vol:55)
 2008(Vol:54)
 2007(Vol:53)
 2006(Vol:52)
 2005(Vol:51)
 2004(Vol:50)
 2003(Vol:49)