Prooxidant-antioxidant balance depending on endothelial nitric oxide synthase G894T polymorphism

   


1. Grodno State Medical University, Grodno, Belarus
Type: Experimental study
DOI: 10.18097/PBMC20186404349      PubMed Id: 30135282
Year: 2018 vol: 64  issue:4  pages: 349-353
Abstract: The aim of the study was to assess the prooxidant-antioxidant balance depending on endothelial nitric oxide synthase G894T polymorphism. The frequency distribution of alleles and genotypes of G894T polymorphism, nitrite concentration, hydrogen sulphide, lipid peroxidation products (diene conjugates, malonic dialdehyde), antioxidants (reduced glutathione, catalase, ceruloplasmin, retinol) were determined in venous blood of healthy males. The incidence of the GG genotype was 49.1%, GT – 44.2%, TT – 6.7%. The level of malonic dialdehyde in erythrocytes with the GG genotype is 16.8% lower than in the genotype GT. The concentration of hydrogen sulphide in the blood with the GG genotype was 27.5 [18,2; 32,5] mM, GT – 28.6 [22.9; 33.8] mM, TT – 36.3 [33.8; 42.5] mM. The content of total nitrites in plasma with the GG genotype was 10.4 [9,0; 12,5] mM, GT – 10.4 [8.9; 11.8] mM, TT – 9.4 [8.8; 9.8] mM. The genotype GG causes a lower level of malonic dialdehyde in comparison with the heterozygous genotype. The G894T polymorphism allele T is associated with a low content of total nitrites in the plasma and a high concentration of hydrogen sulfide. The data obtained suggest that if the oxygen supply of the organism is impaired, the endothelial nitric oxide synthase G894T polymorphism may be important for the oxidative stress development.
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Reference: Zinchuk V.V., Zhadko D.D., Gulyai I.E., Prooxidant-antioxidant balance depending on endothelial nitric oxide synthase G894T polymorphism, Biomeditsinskaya khimiya, 2018, vol: 64(4), 349-353.
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