The binding of 125I-labeled human factor X to native and papaine-treated tissue tromboplastin in the presence of CaCI2 or EDTA was studied. The Scatchard analysis suggests the existence of high (Kd=1,8Ч10-9 M) and low affinity binding sites on the thromboplastin surface.
The removal of Ca2+ reduced affinity of factor X to the highl affinity sites. This was accompanied by some increase of their number. Proteolysis by papaine decreased affinity of high affinity sites and caused the increase of their number in the presence of Ca2+. In the absence of Ca2+ the affinity remained unchanged, but the number of sites decreased. At low concentrations of factor X positive cooperativity for high affinity binding sites was observed. It did not depend on the presence of Ca2+. The results indirectly confirm the role of hydrophobic interactons in Ca2+ dependent binding of factor X to thromboplastin and the fact that heterogeneity of this binding is determined by mesophase structure of the thromboplastin phospholipids.