Angiotensin converting enzyme. Domain structure and properties

   
Kugaevskaya  E.V.1

1. V. N. Orekhovich Institute of Biomedical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences (RAMS)
Section: Review
PubMed Id: 16521820
Year: 2005  Volume: 51  Issue: 6  Pages: 567-580
Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) is a key enzyme of the renin-angiotensin and kallikrein-kinin systems responsible for the regulation of blood pressure. Recently the new physiological function of ACE has been revealed: the enzyme hydrolyses in vivo the natural peptide (N-AcSer-Asp-Lys-Pro), a negative regulator of hematopoietic stem cell proliferation. Somatic ACE is a single-chain glycoprotein, which contains two highly homologous domains (N- and C-domains, respectively), possessing a zinc-dependent active site. The domains differ in the rate of substrate hydrolysis, interaction with ACE inhibitors and chloride activation profiles. Specific ACE inhibitors used for treatment of hypertension, inhibit both domains, but their dissociation rates of enzyme-inhibitor complex are different. Selective binding of ACE inhibitors to either N- or C-domain may influence their biological effect during treatment. Different functional significance of these domains may be due to some differences in their three-dimentional structures. X-ray structure of testicular ACE was recently solved and three-dimentional structure of N-domain was modeled. The structural features of domain active sites may be useful for construction of new selective inhibitors.
Download PDF:
Keywords: angiotensin-converting enzyme, domains, structure, inhibitors
Citation:

Kugaevskaya, , E. V. (2005). Angiotensin converting enzyme. Domain structure and properties. Biomeditsinskaya khimiya, 51(6), 567-580.
References  
 2019 (vol 65)
 2018 (vol 64)
 2017 (vol 63)
 2016 (vol 62)
 2015 (vol 61)
 2014 (vol 60)
 2013 (vol 59)
 2012 (vol 58)
 2011 (vol 57)
 2010 (vol 56)
 2009 (vol 55)
 2008 (vol 54)
 2007 (vol 53)
 2006 (vol 52)
 2005 (vol 51)
 2004 (vol 50)
 2003 (vol 49)