Polymorphism of the plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 gene, plasminogen level and thrombosis in patients with antiphospholipid syndrome

Aisina R.B.1 , Mukhametova L.I.1, Ostryakova E.V.2, Seredavkina N.V.2, Patrushev L.I.3, Patrusheva N.L.3, Reshetnyak T.M.2, Gulin D.A.4, Gershkovich K.B.4, Nasonov E.L.2, Varfolomeyev S.D.1

1. Lomonosov Moscow State University
2. Research Institute of Rheumatology of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences
3. M.M. Shemyakin and Yu.A. Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences
4. N.M. Emanuel Institute of Biochemical Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Section: Clinical Study
DOI: 10.18097/pbmc20146001072      UDK: 577.152.3      PubMed Id: 24749249
Year: 2014  Volume: 60  Issue: 1  Pages: 72-93
The frequency of venous and arterial thromboses and plasminogen level were investigated in 78 patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), 35 of whom with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE+APS) and 43 - with primary APS (PAPS). The levels and genotype of plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) were determined in 45 patients with APS, of whom 21 patients with SLE+APS and 24 patients with PAPS. A control group included 10 healthy individuals without autoimmune disease signs and thromboses on period of investigation and in past history. It was shown for the first time that for one third of 67 patients with APS and thromboses high positive levels of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) are associated with low plasminogen levels. The levels of PAI-1 antigen measured by ELIZA method, which detects active, latent and bound with plasminogen activator PAI-1, were opposed with frequency of thromboses in APS patients. Correlation between the high and increased levels of PAI-1 and high positive aPL levels was found for one third of 43 patients with APS and thrombosis. One of the possible mechanisms of this interconnection was considered. It was shown that arterial and, to a more extent, venous thromboses are associated with the 4G/5G polymorphism of PAI-1 gene and high plasma level of the inhibitor in 79% of APS patients. At the presence of the 4G allele patients with SLE+APS had higher PAI-1 levels than patients with PAPS. The obtained results show that measuring the levels of plasminogen and PAI-1 as well as the 4G/5G polymorphism of PAI-1 gene which is associated with thromboses may have the practical significance for identification of high risk of thrombosis in APS patients.
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Aisina R.B., Mukhametova L.I., Ostryakova E.V., Seredavkina N.V., Patrushev L.I., Patrusheva N.L., Reshetnyak T.M., Gulin D.A., Gershkovich K.B., Nasonov E.L., Varfolomeyev S.D. (2014) Biomeditsinskaya khimiya, 60(1), 72-93.
This paper is also available as the English translation:10.1134/S1990750813010010
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