Generation of blood circulating DNA: the sources, peculiarities of circulation and structure

Bryzgunova O.E.1 , Laktionov P.P.1

1. Institute of Chemical Biology and Fundamental Medicine SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia
Section: Review
DOI: 10.18097/PBMC20156104409      PubMed Id: 26350732
Year: 2015  Volume: 61  Issue: 4  Pages: 409-426
Extracellular nucleic acids (exNA) were described in blood of both healthy and illness people as early as in 1948, but staied overlooked until middle 60-th. Starting from the beginning of new millennium and mainly in the last 5 years exNA are intensively studied. Main attention is directed to investigation of exNA as the source of diagnostic material whereas the mechanisms of their generation, as well as mechanisms to providing long-term circulation of exNA in the bloodstream are not established unambiguously. According to some authors, the main source of circulating nucleic acids in blood are the processes of apoptosis and necrosis, while others refer to the possible nucleic acid secretion by healthy and tumor cells. Circulating DNA were found to be stable in the blood for a long time, escaping from the action of DNA hydrolyzing enzymes and are apparently packed in different supramolecular complexes. This review presents the opinions of various authors and evidence in favor of all the theories describingappearance of extracellular DNA, the features of the circulation and structure of the extracellular DNA and factors affecting the time of DNA circulation in blood
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Keywords: circulating DNA, apoptosis, necrosis, oncosis, active secretion, Dnase

Bryzgunova, O. E., Laktionov, P. P. (2015). Generation of blood circulating DNA: the sources, peculiarities of circulation and structure. Biomeditsinskaya Khimiya, 61(4), 409-426.
This paper is also available as the English translation: 10.1134/S1990750814030020
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