Glutathione redox system, immune status, antioxidant enzymes and metabolism of purine nucleotides in hypothyroidism

Tapbergenov S.O.1 , Sovetov B.S.1, Bekbosynova R.B.1, Bolysbekova S.M.1

1. Semey State Medical University, Semey, Kazakhstan
Section: Experimental Study
DOI: 10.18097/PBMC20156106737      PubMed Id: 26716746
Year: 2015  Volume: 61  Issue: 6  Pages: 737-741
The immune status, components of the glutathione redox system, the activity of antioxidant enzymes and metabolism of purine nucleotides have been investigated in animals with experimental hypothyroidism. On day 8 after an increase in the number of leukocytes, lymphocytes, T-helpers and T-suppressors as well as increased number of B-lymphocytes was found in blood of thyroidectomized rats. This was accompanied by decreased activity of adenosine deaminase (AD), AMP-deaminase (AMPD), and 5'-nucleotidase (5'N) in blood, but the ratio of enzyme activity AD/AMPD increased. These changes in the activity of enzymes, involved in purine catabolism can beregarded as increased functional relationships between T and B lymphocytes in hypothyroidism. The functional changes of immune system cells were accompanied by increased activity of glutathione peroxidase (GPx), a decrease in the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione reductase (GR) and the ratio GH/GPx. Thyroidectomized rats had increased amounts of total, oxidized (GSSG) and reduced glutathione (GSH), but the ratio GSH/GSSG decerased as compared with control animals. In the liver, hypothyroidism resulted in activation of SOD, GPx, decreased activity of GR and decreased ratio GR/GPx. At the same time, the levels of total, oxidized, and reduced glutathione increased, but the ratio GSH/GSSG as well as activities of enzymes involved in purine nucleotide metabolism ratio (and their ratio 5'N/AD + AMPD) decreased. All these data suggest a functional relationship of the glutathione redox system not only with antioxidant enzymes, but also activity of enzymes involved purine nucleotide metabolism and immune status.
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Keywords: hypothyroidism, glutathione, glutathione reductase, enzymes of purine metabolism

Tapbergenov, S. O., Sovetov, B. S., Bekbosynova, R. B., Bolysbekova, S. M. (2015). Glutathione redox system, immune status, antioxidant enzymes and metabolism of purine nucleotides in hypothyroidism. Biomeditsinskaya Khimiya, 61(6), 737-741.
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