Metformin impact on purine metabolism in breast cancer

Shatova O.P.1 , Butenko Eu.V.1, Khomutov Eu.V.1, Kaplun D.S.1, Sedakov I.Eu.1, Zinkovych I.I.1

1. Gorky Donetsk National Medical University, Donetsk, Ukraine
Section: Experimental Study
DOI: 10.18097/PBMC20166203302      PubMed Id: 27420623
Year: 2016  Volume: 62  Issue: 3  Pages: 302-305
Large-scale epidemiological and clinical studies have demonstrated the efficacy of metformin in oncology practice. However, the mechanisms of implementation of the anti-tumor effect of this drug there is still need understanding. In this study we have investigated the effect of metformin on the activity of adenosine deaminase and respectively adenosinergic immunosuppression in tumors and their microenvironment. The material of the study was taken during surgery of breast cacer patients receiveing metformin, and also patients which did not take this drug. The adenosine deaminase activity and substrate (adenosine) and products (inosine, hypoxanthine) concentrations were determined by HPLC. Results of this study suggest that metformin significantly alters catabolism of purine nucleotides in the node breast adenocarcinoma tisue. However, the metformin-induced increase in the adenosine deaminase activity is not sufficient to reduce the level of adenosine in cancer tissue. Thus, in metformin treated patients the adenosine concentration remained unchanged, and inosine and hypoxanthine concentration significantly increased.
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Keywords: metformin, breast cancer, adenosine deaminase, adenosine, inosine, hypoxanthine

Shatova, O. P., Butenko, Eu. V., Khomutov, Eu. V., Kaplun, D. S., Sedakov, I. Eu., Zinkovych, I. I. (2016). Metformin impact on purine metabolism in breast cancer. Biomeditsinskaya Khimiya, 62(3), 302-305.
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