Analysis of contribution of protein phosphorylation in the development of the diseases

Zavialova M.G.1 , Zgoda V.G.1, Nikolaev E.N.2

1. Institute of Biomedical Chemistry, Moscow, Russia
2. Institute of Biomedical Chemistry, Moscow, Russia; Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology (Skoltech), Moscow, Russia
Section: Review
DOI: 10.18097/PBMC20176302101      PubMed Id: 28414281
Year: 2017  Volume: 63  Issue: 2  Pages: 101-114
In recent decades, studies in the molecular origins of socially significant diseases have made a big step forward with the development and using of high-performance methods in genomics and proteomics. Numerous studies in the framework of the global program “Human Proteome” were aimed at the identification of all possible proteins in various cell cultures and tissues, including cancer. One of the objectives was to identify biomarkers - proteins with high specificity to certain pathologies. However, in many cases, it is shown that the development of the disease is not associated with the appearance of new proteins, but depends on the level of gene expression or forming of proteoforms - splice variants, single amino acid substitutions (SAP variants), and post-translational modifications (PTM) of proteins. PTM may play a key role in the development of pathology because they activate a variety of regulatory or structural proteins in the majority of cell physiological processes. Phosphorylation is among the most significant of these protein modifications.This review will describe methods for analysis of protein phosphorylation used in the studies of such diseases as cancer and neurodegenerative diseases, as well as examples of cases when the modified proteins are involved directly to their development, and screening such significant PTM is used for the diagnosis and choice of treatment.
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Keywords: proteomics, cancer, neurodegenerative diseases, post-translational modifications (PTM), phosphorylation

Zavialova, M. G., Zgoda, V. G., Nikolaev, E. N. (2017). Analysis of contribution of protein phosphorylation in the development of the diseases. Biomeditsinskaya Khimiya, 63(2), 101-114.
This paper is also available as the English translation: 10.1134/S1990750817030118
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