Redox-dependent mechanisms of regulation of breast epithelial cell proliferation

Stepovaya E.A.1, Shakhristova E.V.1 , Nosareva O.L.1, Rudikov E.V.1, Egorova M.Y.1, Egorova D.Y.1, Novitsky V.V.1

1. Siberian State Medical University, Tomsk, Russia
Section: Experimental Study
DOI: 10.18097/PBMC20176302159      PubMed Id: 28414288
Year: 2017  Volume: 63  Issue: 2  Pages: 159-164
Activation of free radical oxidation in different cell types, including breast epithelial cells, may result in damage to macromolecules, in particular, proteins taking part in regulation of cell proliferation and apoptosis. The glutathione, glutaredoxin and thioredoxin systems play an essential role in maintaining intracellular redox homeostasis. Due to this fact, modulation of cellular redox status under the effect of an SH group inhibitor and an SH group protector may be used as a model for studying the role of redox proteins and glutathione in regulating cell proliferation in different pathological processes. In this study we have evaluated the state of the thioredoxin, glutaredoxin and glutathione systems as well as their role in regulating proliferation of HBL-100 breast epithelial cells under redox status modulation with N-ethylmaleimide (NEM) and 1,4-dithioerythriol (DTE). Modulating the redox status of breast epithelial cells under the effect of NEM and DTE influences the functional activity of glutathione-dependent enzymes, glutaredoxin, thioredoxin, and thioredoxin reductase through changes in the GSH and GSSG concentrations. In HBL-100 cells under redox-status modulation, we have found an increase in the number of cells in the S-phase of the cell cycle and a decrease in the number of cells in the G0/G1 and G2/М phases, as opposed to the values in the intact culture. The proposed model of proliferative activity of cells under redox status modulation may be used for development of new therapeutic approaches for treatment of diseases accompanied by oxidative stress generation.
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Keywords: thioredoxin, glutaredoxin, glutathione, oxidative stress, proliferation, breast epithelial cells

Stepovaya, E. A., Shakhristova, E. V., Nosareva, O. L., Rudikov, E. V., Egorova, M. Y., Egorova, D. Y., Novitsky, V. V. (2017). Redox-dependent mechanisms of regulation of breast epithelial cell proliferation. Biomeditsinskaya Khimiya, 63(2), 159-164.
This paper is also available as the English translation: 10.1134/S199075081703009X
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