A biosensor study of protein interaction with the 20S proteasome core particle

Buneeva O.A.1 , Gnedenko O.V.1, Medvedeva M.V.2, Zgoda V.G.1, Ivanov A.S.1, Medvedev A.E.1

1. Institute of Biomedical Chemistry, Moscow, Russia
2. Moscow State University, Biological Faculty, Moscow, Russia
Section: Experimental Study
DOI: 10.18097/PBMC20196504306      PubMed Id: 31436171
Year: 2019  Volume: 65  Issue: 4  Pages: 306-310
It becomes increasingly clear that ubiquitination of cellular proteins is not an indispensable prerequisite of their degradation in proteasomes. There are a number of proteins to be eliminated which are not pre-ubiquitinated for their recognition by regulatory subcomplex of 26S proteasome, but which directly interact with the 20S proteasome core particle (20S proteasome). The obligatory precondition for such interaction consists in existence of disordered (hydrophobic) fragments in the target protein. In this study we have investigated the interaction of a number of multifunctional (moonlighting) proteins (glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), aldolase, pyruvate kinase) and neurodegeneration-related proteins (a-synuclein, myelin basic protein) with 20S proteasome immobilized on the SPR-biosensor chip and stabilized by means of a bifunctional agent dimethyl pimelimidate (in order to prevent possible dissociation of this subcomplex). Only two of all investigated proteins (aldolase and pyruvate kinase) interacted with the immobilized 20S proteasome (Kd of 8.17´10-7 M and 5.56´10-7 M, respectively). In addition to earlier detected GAPDH ubiquitination, mass spectrometric analysis of the studied proteins revealed the presence of the ubiquitin signature (Lys-e-Gly-Gly) only in aldolase. Oxidation of aldolase and pyruvate kinase, which promotes elimination of proteins via their direct interaction with 20S proteasome, caused a 2-3-fold decrease in their Kd values as comparison with this parameter obtained for the intact proteins. The results of this study provide further evidence for direct interaction of both ubiquitinated proteins (aldolase), and non-ubiquitinated proteins (pyruvate kinase) with the 20S proteasome core particle (20S proteasome). The effectiveness of this interaction is basically equal for the ubiquitinated proteins and non-ubiquitinated proteins.
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Keywords: proteasome, ubiquitination, intrinsically disordered proteins, multifunctional proteins, optical biosensor, pyruvate kinase, aldolase

Buneeva, O. A., Gnedenko, O. V., Medvedeva, M. V., Zgoda, V. G., Ivanov, A. S., Medvedev, A. E. (2019). A biosensor study of protein interaction with the 20S proteasome core particle. Biomeditsinskaya Khimiya, 65(4), 306-310.
This paper is also available as the English translation: 10.1134/S1990750819040024
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