Computer-aided drug design: from discovery of novel pharmaceutical agents to systems pharmacology

Poroikov V.V.1

1. Institute of Biomedical Chemistry, Moscow, Russia
Section: Review
DOI: 10.18097/PBMC20206601030      PubMed Id: 32116224
Year: 2020  Volume: 66  Issue: 1  Pages: 30-41
New drug discovery is based on the analysis of public information about the mechanisms of the disease, molecular targets, and ligands, which interaction with the target could lead to the normalization of the pathological process. The available data on diseases, drugs, pharmacological effects, molecular targets, and drug-like substances, taking into account the combinatorics of the associative relations between them, correspond to the Big Data. To analyze such data, the application of computer-aided drug design methods is necessary. An overview of the studies in this area performed by the Laboratory for Structure-Function Based Drug Design of IBMC is presented. We have developed the approaches to identifying promising pharmacological targets, predicting several thousand types of biological activity based on the structural formula of the compound, analyzing protein-ligand interactions based on assessing local similarity of amino acid sequences, identifying likely molecular mechanisms of side effects of drugs, calculating the integral toxicity of drugs taking into account their metabolism, have been developed in the human body, predicting sustainable and sensitive options strains and evaluating the effectiveness of combinations of antiretroviral drugs in patients, taking into account the molecular genetic characteristics of the clinical isolates of HIV-1. Our computer programs are implemented as the web-services freely available on the Internet, which are used by thousands of researchers from many countries of the world to select the most promising substances for the synthesis and determine the priority areas for experimental testing of their biological activity.
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Keywords: chemical-biological interactions, bioinformatics, chemoinformatics, ligand-based drug design, systems pharmacology
Supplementary materials:

Poroikov, V. V. (2020). Computer-aided drug design: from discovery of novel pharmaceutical agents to systems pharmacology. Biomeditsinskaya Khimiya, 66(1), 30-41.
This paper is also available as the English translation: 10.1134/S1990750820030117
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