Electroanalytical and electrocatalytical characteristics of cytochrome P450 3A4 using electrodes modified with nanocomposite carbon nanomaterials

   
Kuzikov A.V.1, Bulko T.V.2, Koroleva P.I.2, Masamrekh R.A.1, Babkina S.S.3, Gilep A.A.4, Shumyantseva V.V.1

1. Institute of Biomedical Chemistry, Moscow, Russia; Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Moscow, Russia
2. Institute of Biomedical Chemistry, Moscow, Russia
3. Russian Technological University, Moscow, Russia
4. Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Minsk, Belarus
Section: Experimental Study
DOI: 10.18097/PBMC20206601064      PubMed Id: 32116227
Year: 2020  Volume: 66  Issue: 1  Pages: 64-70
The electroanalytical characteristics of recombinant cytochrome P450 3A4 (P450 3A4) immobilized on the surface of screen-printed graphite electrodes modified with multi-walled carbon nanotubes have been studied. The role and the influence of graphite working electrode modification with carbon nanotubes on electroanalytical characteristics of cytochrome P450 3A4 have been demonstrated. The conditions for the immobilization of cytochrome P450 3A4 on the obtained screen-printed graphite electrodes modified with carbon multi-walled nanotubes have been optimized. The electrochemical parameters of the oxidation and reduction of the heme iron of the enzyme have been estimated. The midpoint potential E0′ was -0.35±0.01 V vs Ag/AgCl; the calculated heterogeneous electron transfer rate constant ks, was 0.57±0.04 s-1; the amount of electroactive cytochrome P450 3A4 on the electrode Г0, was determined as (2.6±0.6)⋅10-10 mol/cm2. The functioning mechanism of P450 3A4-based electrochemical sensor followed the “protein film voltammetry”. In order to develop electrochemical analysis of drugs being substrates of that hemoprotein and respective medical biosensors the voltammetric study of catalytic activity of immobilized cytochrome P450 3A4 was carried out. Electrocatalytic properties of cytochrome P450 3A4, immobilized on modified screen-printed graphite electrodes, has been investigated using erythromycin (macrolide antibiotics). It has been shown that the modification of electrodes plays a decisive role for the study of the properties of cytochromes P450 in electrochemical investigations. Smart electrodes can serve as sensors for analytical purposes, as well as electrocatalysts for the study of biotransformation processes and metabolic processes. Electrodes modified with carbon nanomaterials are applicable for analytical purposes in the registration of hemoproteins. Electrodes modified with synthetic membrane-like compounds (e.g. didodecyldimethylammonium bromide) are effective in enzyme-dependent electrocatalysis.
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Keywords: cytochrome P450, carbon nanotubes, erythromycin, electrocatalysis, electroanalytical parameters
Citation:

Kuzikov, A. V., Bulko, T. V., Koroleva, P. I., Masamrekh, R. A., Babkina, S. S., Gilep, A. A., Shumyantseva, V. V. (2020). Electroanalytical and electrocatalytical characteristics of cytochrome P450 3A4 using electrodes modified with nanocomposite carbon nanomaterials. Biomeditsinskaya khimiya, 66(1), 64-70.
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