Molecular species of glycerophosphoethanolamines in obesity-associated asthma

Denisenko Yu.K.1, Omatova U.M.1 , Novgorodtseva T.P.1, Ermolenko E.V.2

1. Vladivostok Branch of the Far Eastern Scientific Center for Physiology and Pathology of Respiration - Research Institute of Medical Climatology and Rehabilitation Treatment, Vladivostok, Russia
2. A.V. Zhirmunsky National Scientific Center for Marine Biology, Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok, Russia
Section: Clinical and Diagnostic Research
DOI: 10.18097/PBMC20236903174      PubMed Id: 37384909
Year: 2023  Volume: 69  Issue: 3  Pages: 174-183
Bronchial asthma (BA) complicated by obesity is a progressive disease phenotype that hardly responds to standard therapy. In this regard, it is important to elucidate cellular and molecular mechanisms of development of this comorbid pathology. In recent years, lipidomics has become an active research tool, opening new opportunities not only for understanding cellular processes in health and disease, but also for providing a personalized approach to medicine. The aim of this study was to characterize the lipidome phenotype based on the study of molecular species of glycerophosphatidylethanolamines (GPEs) in blood plasma of patients with BA complicated by obesity. Molecular species of GPEs were studied in blood samples of 11 patients. Identification and quantification of GPEs was carried out using high resolution tandem mass spectrometry. For the first time in this pathology, a change in the lipidome profile of molecular species of diacyl, alkyl-acyl and alkenyl-acyl HPEs of blood plasma was shown. In BA complicated by obesity, acyl groups 18:2 and 20:4 were dominated in the sn2 position of the molecular composition of diacylphosphoethanolamines. Simultaneously with the increase in the level of GPE diacyls with the fatty acids (FA) 20:4, 22:4, and 18:2, there was a decrease in these FAs in alkyl and alkenyl molecular species of GPEs, thus indicating their redistribution between subclasses. The eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5) deficiency at the sn2 position of alkenyl GPEs in patients with BA complicated by obesity indicates a decrease in the substrate for the synthesis of anti-inflammatory mediators. The resulting imbalance in the distribution of GPE subclasses, due to a pronounced increase in the content of diacyl GPE under conditions of the deficiency of molecular species of ether forms, can probably cause chronic inflammation and the development of oxidative stress. The recognized lipidome profile characterized by the modification of the basic composition and the chemical structure of GPE molecular species in BA complicated by obesity indicates their involvement in the pathogenetic mechanisms underlying BA development. The elucidation of particular roles of individual subclasses of glycerophospholipids and their individual members may contribute to the identification of new therapeutic targets and biomarkers of bronchopulmonary pathology.
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Keywords: glycerophosphoethanolamines, ether lipids, asthma, obesity, chronic respiratory diseases, plasma

Denisenko, Yu. K., Omatova, U. M., Novgorodtseva, T. P., Ermolenko, E. V. (2023). Molecular species of glycerophosphoethanolamines in obesity-associated asthma. Biomeditsinskaya Khimiya, 69(3), 174-183.
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