Prolonged alcohol consumption influences microRNA expression in the nucleus accumbens of the rat brain

  
Airapetov M.I.1 , Eresko S.O.2, Shamaeva S.A.3, Matveev N.M.3, Bychkov E.R.3, Lebedev A.A.3, Shabanov P.D.3

1. Institute of Experimental Medicine, St. Petersburg, Russia; Military Medical Academy of S.M. Kirov, St. Petersburg, Russia
2. Institute of Experimental Medicine, St. Petersburg, Russia; North-Western State Medical University named after I.I. Mechnikov, St. Petersburg, Russia
3. Institute of Experimental Medicine, St. Petersburg, Russia
Section: Experimental Study
DOI: 10.18097/PBMC20236904235      PubMed Id: 37705484
Year: 2023  Volume: 69  Issue: 4  Pages: 235-239
The microRNA (miR) species analyzed in this study are involved in molecular mechanisms of TLR4 and TLR7 signaling, mediating the development of neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration. We have investigated the expression levels of miR-let7b, miR-96, miR-182, miR-155, and the mRNA content of HMGB1, TLR3, TLR4 in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) of the brain of rats exposed to long-term alcoholization. The long-term alcoholization caused a decrease in miR-let7b, miR-96, miR-182, and TLR7 mRNA levels; this was accompanied by an increase in miR-155, TLR4, and Hmgb1 mRNA levels in the NAc of rat brain. TLR7 is functionally linked to miR-let7b. The data of a simultaneous decrease in miR-let7b and TLR7 mRNA are of interest for further studies; they may indicate on the lack of functionally significant links between Hmgb1 and the miR-let7b-TLR7 system in NAc. The existing evidence of a functional relationship between TLR4 with miR-155 and miR-182 and our observations on their expression changes during chronic alcoholization are very interesting and require further investigation. The suggestion about the development of neuroinflammatory process in NAc under prolonged alcohol exposure are relevant for studying the level of TLR gene expression in NAc, as well as the expression of miR species, which may have a functional relationship with the TLR system.
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Keywords: nucleus accumbens, alcohol, neuroinflammation, TLR, miR
Citation:

Airapetov, M. I., Eresko, S. O., Shamaeva, S. A., Matveev, N. M., Bychkov, E. R., Lebedev, A. A., Shabanov, P. D. (2023). Prolonged alcohol consumption influences microRNA expression in the nucleus accumbens of the rat brain. Biomeditsinskaya Khimiya, 69(4), 235-239.
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