System analysis of surface CD markers during the process of granulocytic differentiation

Novikova S.E.1, Tolstova T.V.1, Soloveva N.A.1, Farafonova T.E.1, Tikhonova O.V.1, Kurbatov L.K.1, Rusanov A.L.1, Zgoda V.G.1

1. Institute of Biomedical Chemistry, Moscow, Russia
Section: Experimental Study
DOI: 10.18097/PBMC20236906383      PubMed Id: 38153053
Year: 2023  Volume: 69  Issue: 6  Pages: 383-393
Plasma membrane proteins with extracellular-exposed domains are responsible for transduction of extracellular signals into intracellular responses, and their accessibility to therapeutic molecules makes them attractive targets for drug development. In this work, using omics technologies and immunochemical methods, we have studied changes in the content of markers of clusters of differentiation (CD markers) of neutrophils (CD33, CD97, CD54, CD38, CD18, CD11b, CD44, and CD71) at the level of transcripts and proteins in NB4, HL-60 and K562 cell lines, induced by the treatment with all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA). Transcriptomic analysis revealed the induction of CD38, CD54, CD11b, and CD18 markers as early as 3 h after the addition of the inducer in the ATRA-responsive cell lines HL-60 and NB4. After 24 h, a line-specific expression pattern of CD markers could be observed in all cell lines. Studies of changes in the content of CD antigens by means of flow cytometry and targeted mass spectrometry (MS) gave similar results. The proteomic profile of the surface markers (CD38, CD54, CD11b, and CD18), characteristic of the NB4 and HL-60 lines, reflects different molecular pathways for the implementation of ATRA-induced differentiation of leukemic cells into mature neutrophils.
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Keywords: surface CD markers, transcriptomics, proteomics, immunochemistry, SRM/SIS analysis, all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA)
Supplementary materials:

Novikova, S. E., Tolstova, T. V., Soloveva, N. A., Farafonova, T. E., Tikhonova, O. V., Kurbatov, L. K., Rusanov, A. L., Zgoda, V. G. (2023). System analysis of surface CD markers during the process of granulocytic differentiation. Biomeditsinskaya Khimiya, 69(6), 383-393.
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