The effect of hyperglycemia on the activation of peritoneal macrophages of albino rats

Golyako I.A.1, Kuzmin V.S.2, Gorbacheva L.R.3

1. Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
2. Academician E.I. Chazov National Medical Research Center for Cardiology, Moscow, Russia
3. Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia; Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Moscow, Russia
Section: Experimental Study
DOI: 10.18097/PBMC20236906394      PubMed Id: 38153054
Year: 2023  Volume: 69  Issue: 6  Pages: 394-402
Hyperglycemia is one of the main damaging factors of diabetes mellitus (DM). The severity of this disease is most clearly manifested under conditions of the inflammatory process. In this work, we have studied the activation features of rat peritoneal macrophages (MPs) under conditions of high glucose concentration in vitro. Comparison of the independent and combined effects of streptozotocin-induced DM and hyperglycemia on proliferation and accumulation of nitrites in the MPs culture medium revealed similarity of their effects. Elevated glucose levels and, to a lesser extent, DM decreased basal proliferation and NO production by MPs in vitro. The use of the protein kinase C (PKC) activator, phorbol ester (PMA), abolished the proinflammatory effect of thrombin on PMs. This suggests the involvement of PKC in the effects of the protease. At the same time, the effect of thrombin on the level of nitrites in the culture medium demonstrates a pronounced dose-dependence, which was not recognized during evaluation of proliferation. Proinflammatory activation of MPs is potentiated by hyperglycemia, one of the main pathological factors of diabetes. Despite the fact that high concentrations of glucose have a significant effect on proliferation and NO production, no statistically significant differences were found between the responses of MPs obtained from healthy animals and from animals with streptozotocin-induced DM. This ratio was observed for all parameters studied in the work, during analysis of cell proliferation and measurement of nitrites in the culture medium. Thus, the results obtained indicate the leading role of elevated glucose levels in the regulation of MPs activation, which is comparable to the effect of DM and even “masks” it.
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Keywords: macrophages, hyperglycemia, thrombin, streptozotocin-induced diabetes mellitus, nitric oxide, proliferation

Golyako, I. A., Kuzmin, V. S., Gorbacheva, L. R. (2023). The effect of hyperglycemia on the activation of peritoneal macrophages of albino rats. Biomeditsinskaya Khimiya, 69(6), 394-402.
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