Hepatotropic activity of a betulonic acid based compound

Mosalev K.I.1 , Ivanov I.D.1, Tenditnik M.V.2, Shults E.E.3, Vavilin V.A.1

1. Federal Research Center for Fundamental and Translational Medicine, Novosibirsk, Russia
2. Research Institute of Neurosciences and Medicine, Novosibirsk, Russia
3. N.N. Vorozhtsov Novosibirsk Institute of Organic Chemistry SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia
Section: Experimental Study
DOI: 10.18097/PBMC20247001015      PubMed Id: 38450677
Year: 2024  Volume: 70  Issue: 1  Pages: 15-24
Using the model of cyclophosphamide (CP)-induced immunosuppression in C57BL/6 mice, the hepatotropic effects of a conjugate of betulonic acid with 9-(4-methylpiperazin-1-ylmethyl)-2-(1,2,3-triazolyl) oreozelone (BABC) have been studied. In the liver of treated animals the expression of genes for cytochromes (CYP 1A1, CYP 1A2, CYP 3A44, CYP 2B10, CYP 2C29, CYP 17A1), PPARA, and cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-12α, IL-10) and the relative levels of NF-κB p65, GST-π, and NAT-1 proteins were determined. On day six after administration of the compound and CP to animals a significant (3.2-fold) increase in the expression of the CYP 2B10 as compared to the control group was observed. Treatment of mice with the compound and CP also caused a 2.4-fold increase in the mRNA level of the pro-inflammatory TNF-α gene as compared to the group of animals receiving CP. Administration of the studied compound to intact animals was accompanied by a 2.5-fold increase in the IL-1β expression and a 1.8-fold decrease in the IL-10 expression as compared to the control group. An increase in the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokine genes in the liver of animals treated with the compound was accompanied by an increase in the content of NF-κB p65 (by 1.6 times), as well as an increase in the relative amount of NAT-1 protein (by 2.7 times) as compared to control animals.
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Keywords: betulonic acid, furocoumarins, liver, proteins, cytochromes, cytokines

Mosalev, K. I., Ivanov, I. D., Tenditnik, M. V., Shults, E. E., Vavilin, V. A. (2024). Hepatotropic activity of a betulonic acid based compound. Biomeditsinskaya Khimiya, 70(1), 15-24.
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