Brain cathepsin as dipeptidylcarboxypeptidase transforming provasopressor, pro-opioid and model peptides

Azarian A.V., Galoian A.A.
PubMed Id: 3318115
Year: 1987  Volume: 33  Issue: 5  Pages: 78-81
Cathepsin B from brain exhibited both endopeptidase and dipeptidyl carboxypeptidase activity. Recently the factors, contributing to dipeptidyl carboxypeptidase properties of brain cathepsin B, were identified: I. occupation of the enzyme S3 subsite, 2. free C-terminal group of the substrate, 3. specific interaction between the split off dipeptide and the enzyme active site. The identification was carried out using angiotensin I, its C-end tripeptide and chromophore oligopeptides containing p-nitrophenylalanine residue. C-terminal dipeptide was split off in the proopioid peptides dynorphins 1-7 and 1-8, Met-enkephalin-Arg6-Phe7, Met-enkephalin-Arg6-Gly7-Leu8; the enzyme hydrolyzed also the C-terminal dipeptide bond in Leu- and Met-enkephalins without the subsequent hydrolysis of the remaining tripeptide. D-Ala2, D-Leu5-enkephalin were not hydrolyzed; the bond Arg9-Pro10 was resistant to proteolysis in dynorphin 1-11. Cathepsin B split off the C-terminal dipeptide in synthetic substrates Leu-Trp-Met-Arg-Phe-Ala and Trp-Met-Arg-Phe-Ala but not in Met-Arg-Phe-Ala. These results 06.08 M-15 demonstrated the essential role of branched-chain amino acid residue at the position of P2 and/or P3 of substrates for the enzyme dipeptidyl carboxypeptidase activity. The data obtained suggest that Arg residue at the position P2 (dynorphin 1-7) slowed down, D-amino acid at the position P2 (D-Ala2, D-Leu5-enkephalin) and Pro-Lys bond at the position P1-P2 (dynorphin 1-11) inhibited the cathepsin B dipeptidyl carboxypeptidase activity.
Download PDF:

Azarian, A. V., Galoian, A. A. (1987). Brain cathepsin as dipeptidylcarboxypeptidase transforming provasopressor, pro-opioid and model peptides. Voprosy meditsinskoi khimii, 33(5), 78-81.
 2002 (vol 48)
 2001 (vol 47)
 2000 (vol 46)
 1999 (vol 45)
 1998 (vol 44)
 1997 (vol 43)
 1996 (vol 42)
 1995 (vol 41)
 1994 (vol 40)
 1993 (vol 39)
 1992 (vol 38)
 1991 (vol 37)
 1990 (vol 36)
 1989 (vol 35)
 1988 (vol 34)
 1987 (vol 33)
 1986 (vol 32)
 1985 (vol 31)