Variation of fructose 2,6-bisphosphate (F-2,6-P2) content in the peripheral blood lymphocytes of patients with diabetes mellitus (type II) was investigated. The 2.5-fold increase of F-2,6-P2 level compared with to the control group was observed in untreated patients with early stage of the disease. In patients using of peroral antidiabetic drugs that corrected diabetes F-2,6-P2 level was approached to the normal one. At the same time F-2,6-P2 content decreases in patients with severe (noncorrected) diabetes mellitus. The possible mechanisms of regulation of lymphocyte F-2,6-P2 concentration in normal conditions and diabetes mellitus are discussed.